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Avian Influenza

Latest situation

In the United Kingdom, there have been 190 confirmed cases of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N1 since 1 October 2022:

  • 158 cases in England
  • 24 cases in Scotland
  • 8 cases in Wales
  • 1 case in Northern Ireland

There have been 292 cases of (HPAI) H5N1 in England since the H5N1 outbreak started in October 2021.

In the United Kingdom, there has been 1 confirmed case of low pathogenic avian influenza (LPAI) H7N3 since 1 October 2022. This case was confirmed in Scotland on 20 March 2023.

Reporting suspected bird flu in poultry or captive birds

If you suspect any type of bird flu in poultry or captive birds you must report it immediately by calling the Defra Rural Services Helpline on 03000 200 301.

Failure to do so is an offence.

Reporting dead wild birds

You should call the Defra helpline (03459 33 55 77) if you find:

  • one or more dead bird of prey or owl
  • 3 or more dead gulls or wild waterfowl (swans, geese and ducks) 
  • 5 or more dead birds of any species

Do not touch or pick up any dead or visibly sick birds that you find.

For further information see the Government's advice to the public.



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